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Is USD/Fiat Currency Doomed To Fail? Bitcoin To The Rescue?

Bitcoin to the rescue

The U.S. Dollar and other fiat currencies are part of an intricate financial system.

The U.S. Treasury issues bonds and other investment securities, commonly referred to as "treasuries." These are issued primarily when the U.S. Federal Government incurs a budgetary deficit, that is, when spending exceeds the budget. The issuance of treasuries compensates for this deficit.

The total debt of the United States, currently at approximately $34 trillion, is largely comprised of these treasuries. Over the past 53 years, the U.S. Federal Government has run a budgetary deficit in 49 years. The last year the government had a surplus was in 2001.

Despite the surplus in 2001, the total national debt increased due to debts from previous years coming due. These include debts issued in decades prior—1971, 1981, 1991, and several years in the 1990s. When these debts matured, the government needed to issue new debt to pay off the old, adding to the total debt.

This cyclical process of issuing new debt to pay off maturing debt is a key function of how the U.S. Treasury operates, particularly in light of ongoing budgetary deficits and maturing past debts.

To give a sense of scale, the U.S. national debt amounts to $34.7 trillion. To contextualize "trillion," consider that a billion seconds ago was 1993, while a trillion seconds ago was approximately 30,000 B.C. Multiplying a trillion by 34.7 illustrates the magnitude of the U.S. debt.

It is crucial for the U.S. Treasury to maintain a steady market for its debt securities. If unable to attract buyers for its debt, the government would struggle to fund its deficit spending and repay maturing debt along with accrued interest, risking default.

Interestingly, the largest buyer of U.S. government debt is the government itself, through various internal mechanisms.

For a balanced perspective, it is essential to verify and cross-reference these data points and understand the broader implications.

The U.S. Government frequently spends beyond its budget, resulting in a deficit, and compensates for this by issuing treasuries. Notably, it also purchases these securities at a significant rate, which is a point of interest in economic discussions.

The mechanism for managing this cycle involves the creation of money, which simplifies debt management but raises concerns about its implications on real debt value.

It's important to note that the United States is not alone in this approach. Many of the world’s nations, specifically 182 out of 222, operate under budgetary deficits, indicating a common global economic strategy.

The U.S. plays a pivotal role in the global financial system, and its actions have broad implications. Any potential issues in attracting buyers for its debt could pose significant challenges.

Recently, there have been several instances of weak demand at U.S. Treasury auctions, highlighting growing investor concerns about the sustainability of U.S. debt levels. For example, a range of auctions from 2023 to 2024 experienced low demand and were described negatively in various financial news headlines.

In response, the U.S. Treasury has initiated a "buy back operation" to enhance market liquidity. This move involves the Treasury using newly created money to purchase its own bonds, a measure aimed at supporting auction performance but also potentially increasing the money supply, which could lead to inflationary pressures.

This situation is particularly challenging as the U.S. central bank, the Federal Reserve, targets a 2% inflation rate. However, recent trends show inflation rates exceeding this target, despite the Federal Reserve setting high interest rates to curb borrowing and spending. These measures are intended to control inflation but have yet to prove effective, leading to a complex cycle of increased federal spending through higher interest payments, resulting in greater deficits and more debt issuance.

This feedback loop between issuing debt, interest rates, and inflation is becoming a critical issue for economic policy and stability.

Interest payment for FED USD

The U.S. Dollar is facing significant challenges.

The Federal Reserve has raised interest rates to manage inflation, yet the problem persists. Higher interest rates lead to increased interest payments, which in turn contribute to larger budgetary deficits.

As a result, the U.S. Treasury is compelled to issue more debt. Investors, wary of the escalating inflation and growing debt levels, are showing reluctance. This has prompted the Treasury to inject "liquidity" into the market to stabilize it, inadvertently fueling inflation again.

If the Federal Reserve were to further increase interest rates to counteract inflation, it could potentially trigger a severe economic downturn, reducing government tax revenues while high spending on government programs and stimulus continues, thus enlarging the deficits and necessitating further debt issuance.

Conversely, lowering interest rates would likely spur immediate inflation due to increased borrowing and spending, forcing the Fed to raise rates again.

Another option might be for the Federal Reserve to increase its inflation target to 3 or 4%, but this could erode confidence further, diminishing investor interest in Treasury securities, increasing inflation, and necessitating even higher interest rates.

This creates a complex cycle of debt issuance, interest payment obligations, and inflationary pressures—a challenging spiral to manage.

Currently, the U.S. is in a delicate situation, marked by efforts to balance economic stability with fiscal responsibility. The upcoming "buy back operation" by the Treasury is a strategy to maintain this balance, but it also highlights the underlying issues of inflation.

Historically, unchecked monetary expansion has led to significant economic consequences. The U.S. government's commitment to preventing a Treasury market failure is evident in its readiness to utilize monetary expansion as a tool, despite the inherent risks of inflation.

This period could be pivotal for the U.S. economy, and the outcomes may be remembered for years to come. The challenges are substantial, reflecting the intricate balance between fiscal policy and economic stability.

WILL BITCOIN BTC come to the rescue?? :-)

Purchasing power USD

Disclaimer: The content provided in this article and website is for educational purposes only and is not intended as financial advice. Cryptocurrency investments are highly volatile and risky. There is a potential for significant loss, up to and including the total loss of your investment. Readers are advised to conduct their own research and consider consulting with an independent financial advisor before engaging in any financial transactions based on this information. Neither the author nor this platform assumes liability for financial losses that could occur as a result of using this information


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